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The Original First Maryland

Mustered into the United States service in May, 1861, for three years. It was stationed at various places in Maryland during the ensuing year, doing guard duty most of the time along the Upper Potomac and C&O Canal. In March 1862, it crossed into Virginia with Banks’ troops, and moved up the Shenandoah Valley. The regiment was stationed at Front Royal, Va., where, on May 23, 1862, it was surrounded and cut off by Jackson’s rapid movement. Their gallant opposition retarded Jackson’s advance, giving Banks ample time to withdraw in safety from the Valley. The regiment was paroled in September, and two months later it was declared exchanged. In the meantime the small part of the regiment which had escaped capture, together with some recruits, preserved the organization, and was assigned to the Maryland Brigade (First, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Maryland). In March, 1863, this brigade was assigned to Kelly’s Division, Eighth Corps, and served in the West Virginia campaign. Upon Lee’s invasion, the brigade retired into Maryland, where, on July 10, 1863, it was assigned to the First Corps. In March, 1864, it was transferred to the Fifth Corps. The regiment reenlisted, and on its return from its veteran furlough the battalion of veterans arrived at the Harris Farm just in time to enter that action, its loss there amounting to 6 killed, 29 wounded, and 2 missing; a heavy percentage of loss as only a small number were engaged. Colonel Dushane was killed at the Weldon Road, and Colonel Wilson fell at Dabney’s Mills.

First Maryland Infantry
(1) Col. John R. Kenly: Bvt. Major-Gen. (2) Col. Nathan T. Dushane (killed)
(3) Col. John W. Wilson (killed) (4) Col. David L. Stanton: Bvt. Brig. Gen.

Total Killed

Total Died of Disease, Accidents Died of Wounds: In Prison, &c

Officers 8 Officers 1
Men 110 Men 148





Total Enrollment 1,885
Total of killed and wounded, 429; died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 53. Enrollment includes transfers from Purnell Legion,but none from disbanded regiments after the war had ended.

Front Royal, VA; Wilderness, VA; Spotsylvania, VA.; Harris Farm, VA.; Shady Grove, VA.; Cold Harbor, VA; Picket Line, VA; Petersburg, VA; Weldon Railroad, VA; Poplar Spring Church, VA; Dabney’s Mills,VA ; White Oak Road, VA; Five Forks, VA; Present also at Maryland Heights, Funkstown, MD.; Haymarket, VA; No Anna, VA;Bethesda Church, VA; Peeble’s Farm, VA; Boydton Road, VA; Hicksford Raid, VA; Appomattox, VA. The Regiment was finally mustered out July 1865.

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Last modified: January 07, 2001


copyright 2001 First Maryland Volunteer Infantry Regiment US/CS