Original First Maryland
|Mustered into the United States
service in May, 1861, for three years. It was stationed at various places in Maryland
during the ensuing year, doing guard duty most of the time along the Upper Potomac and
C&O Canal. In March 1862, it crossed into Virginia with Banks troops, and moved
up the Shenandoah Valley. The regiment was stationed at Front Royal, Va., where, on May
23, 1862, it was surrounded and cut off by Jacksons rapid movement. Their gallant
opposition retarded Jacksons advance, giving Banks ample time to withdraw in safety
from the Valley. The regiment was paroled in September, and two months later it was
declared exchanged. In the meantime the small part of the regiment which had escaped
capture, together with some recruits, preserved the organization, and was assigned to the
Maryland Brigade (First, Fourth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Maryland). In March, 1863,
this brigade was assigned to Kellys Division, Eighth Corps, and served in the West
Virginia campaign. Upon Lees invasion, the brigade retired into Maryland, where, on
July 10, 1863, it was assigned to the First Corps. In March, 1864, it was transferred to
the Fifth Corps. The regiment reenlisted, and on its return from its veteran furlough the
battalion of veterans arrived at the Harris Farm just in time to enter that action, its
loss there amounting to 6 killed, 29 wounded, and 2 missing; a heavy percentage of loss as
only a small number were engaged. Colonel Dushane was killed at the Weldon Road, and
Colonel Wilson fell at Dabneys Mills.
(1) Col. John R. Kenly: Bvt.
Major-Gen. (2) Col. Nathan T. Dushane (killed)
(3) Col. John W. Wilson (killed) (4) Col. David L. Stanton: Bvt. Brig. Gen.
Died of Disease, Accidents Died of Wounds: In Prison, &c
Total Enrollment 1,885
Total of killed and wounded, 429;
died in Confederate prisons (previously included), 53. Enrollment includes transfers from
Purnell Legion,but none from disbanded regiments after the war had ended.
Front Royal, VA;
Wilderness, VA; Spotsylvania, VA.; Harris Farm, VA.; Shady Grove, VA.; Cold Harbor, VA;
Picket Line, VA; Petersburg, VA; Weldon Railroad, VA; Poplar Spring Church, VA;
Dabneys Mills,VA ; White Oak Road, VA; Five Forks, VA; Present also at Maryland
Heights, Funkstown, MD.; Haymarket, VA; No Anna, VA;Bethesda Church, VA; Peebles
Farm, VA; Boydton Road, VA; Hicksford Raid, VA; Appomattox, VA. The Regiment was finally
mustered out July 1865.